Otto "Toby" Hardwick
b. 31 May 1904, Washington, DC, USA, d. 5 August 1970. After playing the bass and C melody saxophones, Hardwicke switched to alto and began working with Duke Ellington, first in his home town and later in New York. He was with Ellington from 1923-28, then spent some time in Europe. Back in the USA, he played in the bands of Chick Webb and Elmer Snowden (with whom he had previously played in Washington in 1922) and then returned to Ellington in 1932. He stayed with the band until 1946, when he retired from music. A solid section player, Hardwicke was an undistinguished soloist. He did, however, have an ear for a melody and is accorded co-composer credit with Ellington on one of the maestro's loveliest tunes, Sophisticated Lady.
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